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Title: Food Consumption and Metabolic Risks in Young University Students
Authors: González Torres, Yesica Sughey
González Silva, Napoleón
Pérez Reyes, Ángel
Anaya Esparza, Luis Miguel
Sánchez Enríquez, Sergio
Vargas Becerra, Patricia Noemí
Villagrán de la Mora, Blanca Zuamí
García García, Maritza Roxana
Keywords: macronutrients
Issue Date: Jan-2022
Publisher: MDPI. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Citation: González-Torres, S.; González-Silva, N.; Pérez-Reyes, Á.; Anaya-Esparza, L.M.; Sánchez-Enríquez, S.; Vargas-Becerra, P.N.; Villagrán, Z.; García-García, M.R. Food Consumption and Metabolic Risks in Young University Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 449. ijerph19010449
Series/Report no.: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health;2022, 19(1)
Abstract: Abstract: The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between components of the diet, metabolic risks, and the serum concentrations of adiponectin and interleukin-6 (IL-6). With prior informed consent, an analytical cross-sectional study was carried out with 72 students in their first year of university. The subjects had a mean age of 19.2 1.0 years and body mass index of 23.38 4.2, and they were mainly women (80.6%). Sociodemographic, anthropometric, and dietary data and metabolic risk factors were evaluated, and biochemical parameters and adipocytokines were also considered. The data were analyzed using means, ranges, and correlations, as well as principal components. In general, the protein, fat, and sodium intake were higher than the international dietary recommendations, and deficiencies in vitamins B5 and E, potassium, phosphorus, selenium, and zinc were observed. The most frequently observed metabolic risks were insulin resistance and hypoalphalipoproteinemia. IL-6 was positively correlated with lipid and protein intake. Adiponectin showed a positive correlation with high-density lipoprotein and a negative correlation with insulin, weight, and waist, while the adiponectin pattern was similar to that of vitamins E and A, which decreased with increasing intake of calories, macronutrients, and sodium. In general, a hypercaloric diet that was high in protein, fat, and sodium and deficient in vitamins, mainly fat-soluble, was associated with a lower concentration of adiponectin and a higher concentration of IL-6, which favor the presence of metabolic risks, including insulin resistance. Intervention studies are required to evaluate the dietary intake of metabolic markers in young people without comorbidities, which will lay the foundation for implementing prevention strategies.
Description: Artículo
ISSN: 1660-4601
Appears in Collections:2403 Artículos

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