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dc.contributor.authorPizano Escalante, María Guadalupe-
dc.contributor.authorAnaya Esparza, Luis Miguel-
dc.contributor.authorNuño, Karla-
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez Romero, José de Jesús-
dc.contributor.authorGonzález Torres, Yesica Sughey-
dc.contributor.authorLópez de la Mora, David A.-
dc.contributor.authorVillagrán de la Mora, Blanca Zuamí-
dc.identifier.citation: Pizano-Escalante, M.G.; Anaya-Esparza, L.M.; Nuño, K.; Rodríguez-Romero, J.d.J.; GonzalezTorres, S.; López-de la Mora, D.A.; Villagrán, Z. Direct and Indirect Effects of COVID-19 in Frail Elderly: Interventions and Recommendations. J. Pers. Med. 2021, 11, 999. https://, en
dc.descriptionArtículoes, en
dc.description.abstractAbstract Frailty is a state of vulnerability to stressors because of a decreased physiological reserve, resulting in poor health outcomes. This state is related to chronic conditions, many of which are risk factors for outcomes in elderly patients having SARS-COV-2. This review aims to describe frailty as a physiological vulnerability agent during the COVID-19 pandemic in elderly patients, summarizing the direct and indirect effects caused by the SARS-COV-2 infection and its prognosis in frail individuals, as well as the interventions and recommendations to reduce their effects. Cohort studies have shown that patients with a Clinical Frailty Scale higher than five have a higher risk of mortality and use of mechanical ventilation after COVID-19; nonetheless, other scales have also associated frailty with longer hospital stays and more severe forms of the disease. Additionally, the indirect effects caused by the pandemic have a negative impact on the health status of older people. Due to the above, a holistic intervention is proposed based on a comprehensive geriatric assessment for frail patients (preventive or post-infection) with emphasis on physical activity and nutritional recommendations, which could be a potential preventive intervention in viral infections by, en
dc.language.isoenes, en
dc.publisherMDPIes, en
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Personalized Medicine;2021 Oct 2;11(10):999-
dc.subjectCGAes, en
dc.subjectCOVID-19es, en
dc.subjectfrailtyes, en
dc.subjectfunctional foodses, en
dc.subjectolder peoplees, en
dc.subjectvulnerabilityes, en
dc.titleDirect and Indirect Effects of COVID-19 in Frail Elderly: Interventions and Recommendationses, en
dc.typeArticlees, en
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