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Title: High dietary ω-6:ω-3 PUFA ratio and simple carbohydrates as a potential risk factors for gallstone disease: A cross-sectional study
Authors: Campos Pérez, Wendy
Pérez Robles, Mariana
Rodríguez Echevarría, Roberto
Rivera Valdés, Juan J
Rodríguez Navarro, Fernando M
Rivera León, Edgar Alfonso
Martínez López, Erika
Keywords: carbohydrates
cross-Sectional Studies
fatty acids
risk factors
Issue Date: Mar-2022
Publisher: Elsevier Masson
Citation: Campos-Perez W, Perez-Robles M, Rodriguez-Echevarria R, Rivera-Valdés JJ, Rodríguez-Navarro FM, Rivera-Leon EA, Martinez-Lopez E. High dietary ω-6:ω-3 PUFA ratio and simple carbohydrates as a potential risk factors for gallstone disease: A cross-sectional study. Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol. 2022 Mar;46(3):101802. doi: 10.1016/j.clinre.2021.101802. Epub 2021 Dec 9. PMID: 34896648.
Series/Report no.: Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol;Volume 46, Issue 3. March 2022
Abstract: Abstract Background & aims Gallstone disease (GD) is a major cause for consultation at general surgery services worldwide. In fact, GD has a strong relationship with environmental factors. However, specific characteristics in the Mexican population have not been established. The aim of this study was to compare the dietary components, physical activity, body composition and serum lipids in women with and without GD. Methods 54 women with GD and 75 without GD from West Mexico were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. Dietary intake was obtained through a habitual day food record and analyzed using the Nutritionist Pro™ software. Physical activity was evaluated in accordance with WHO recommendations. Body fat percentage (BF%) was estimated by bioimpedance (InBody 370) and serum lipids were measured using dry chemistry (Vitros-250 Analyzer). Student's t-test and binary logistic regression model were used. Results Women with GD presented a higher BF% (40 ± 8.7 vs 35.21 ± 9.8%, p = 0.004), an elevated dietary ω-6:ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) ratio (18.0 ± 11.4 vs 10.9 ± 4.7, p<0.001) and a higher simple carbohydrates (sCH) intake (28.3 ± 17.8 vs 13.23 ± 8.2%, p<0.001) as well as lower HDL-cholesterol levels (37.43 ± 8.5 vs 46.6 ± 12.02 mg/dL, p<0.001) compared with women without GD. Furthermore, it was foun d a higher ω-6:ω-3 PUFA ratio (OR: 3.9, 95% CI 1.52–10.38, p = 0.005) and excessive sCH consumption (OR: 7.4, 95% CI 1.92–28.65, p = 0.004). Conclusion We suggest that a high dietary ω-6:ω-3 PUFA ratio and an excessive sCH intake are associated with an increased risk of GD in women.
Description: Artículo
ISSN: 2210-7401 print
2210-741X online
DOI: 10.1016/j.clinre.2021.101802
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