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Title: Chapter 4. Chili and Pepper Byproducts
Other Titles: Food Byproducts: Valorization Through Nutraceutical Production
Authors: Rodríguez Barajas, Noé
Montalvo González, Efigenia
Villagrán de la Mora, Blanca Zuamí
González Torres, Yesica Sughey
Villaruel López, Angélica
Anaya Esparza, Luis Miguel
Keywords: Capsicum spp.
bioactive compounds
food waste
food revalorization
circular economy
Issue Date: Jun-2023
Publisher: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Citation: Noé Rodríguez-Barajas, Efigenia Montalvo-González, Zuamí Villagrán, Sughey González-Torres, Angélica Villaruel-López and Luis M. Anaya Esparza. (2023). Chapter 4. Chili and Pepper Byproducts. Capítulo en: Food Byproducts: Valorization Through Nutraceutical Production. Ed. Nova Science Publishers. ISBN: 979-8-88697-612-0. DOI:
Abstract: The Capsicum genus belongs to the Solanaceae family and contains more than 30 species, where Capsicum annun (C. annum) is one of tue most cultivated worldwide. Capsicum spp. includes hot and sweet peppers, depending on their pungency. They are commonly eaten as a fresh vegetable or used as a spice in many culinary dishes, enhancing their texturre, appaearance, and taste due to their unique flavor, color, and aroma. Furthermore, Capsicum spp. Exhibited ethnopharmacological importance in treating toothache, rheumatism, ulcers, and alopecia. On the other hand, various byproducts (leaves, peel, sedes, peduncles, and placenta) are generated during pepper harvesting and processing. Byproducts are usually discarded as food waste. These byproducts have been reconized as valuable raw materials for obtaining vitamins (A, C, and E) and bioactive compounds such as capsaicinoids, carotenoids, phenolic compounds, and flavonoids, as well as oleoresins. The most-reported biological activities (in vitro and in vivo) include antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and antimicrobial, attributed to bioactive compounds. Moreover. These byproducts can be used for diverse food applications for humans (Nuggets, spaghetti, and bakery products) and animals (poultry production), bioremediation, textile coloring, biodiesel production, and as a stabilizing agent for the synthesis of nanoparticles. This chapter aims to describe and discuss the current scientific advances on the phytochemical profile of the byproducts of chilies and peppers, their related biological activities, and technological uses as an alternative to revalorize losses and wastes from the harvesting and processing of hot and sweet peppers.
Description: Capítulo
ISBN: 979-8-88697-612-0
Appears in Collections:3309 Capítulos y/o memorias

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