Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Growth Performance and Fecal Microbiota of Dairy Calves Supplemented with Autochthonous Lactic Acid Bacteria as Probiotics in Mexican Western Family Dairy Farming
Authors: Ruvalcaba Gómez, José Martín
Villaseñor González, Fernando
Espinosa Martínez, Mario Alfredo
Gómez Godínez, Lorena Jacqueline
Rojas Anaya, Edith
Villagrán de la Mora, Blanca Zuamí
Anaya Esparza, Luis Miguel
Buendía Rodríguez, Germán
Arteaga Garibay, Ramón Ignacio
Keywords: lactobacillus
microbiota modulation
ion torrent
Issue Date: Sep-2023
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Ruvalcaba-Gómez, J.M.; Villaseñor-González, F.; Espinosa-Martínez, M.A.; Gómez-Godínez, L.J.; Rojas-Anaya, E.; Villagrán, Z.; Anaya-Esparza, L.M.; Buendía-Rodríguez, G.; Arteaga-Garibay, R.I. Growth Performance and Fecal Microbiota of Dairy Calves Supplemented with Autochthonous Lactic Acid Bacteria as Probiotics in Mexican Western Family Dairy Farming. Animals 2023, 13, 2841.
Series/Report no.: Animals;Volume 13, Issue 18
Abstract: Probiotic supplementation in dairy cattle has achieved several beneficial effects (improved growth rate, immune response, and adequate ruminal microbiota). This study assessed the effects on the growth parameters and gut microbiota of newborn dairy calves supplemented with two Lactobacillus-based probiotics, individually (6BZ or 6BY) or their combination (6BZ + 6BY), administrated with the same concentration (1 × 109 CFU/kg weight) at three times, between days 5 and 19 after birth. The control group consisted of probiotic-unsupplemented calves. Growth parameters were recorded weekly until eight weeks and at the calves’ ages of three, four, and five months. Fecal microbiota was described by high-throughput sequencing and bioinformatics. Although no significant effects were observed regarding daily weight and height gain among probiotic-supplemented and non-supplemented calves, correlation analysis showed that growth rate was maintained until month 5 through probiotic supplementation, mainly when the two-strain probiotics were supplied. Modulation effects on microbiota were observed in probiotic-supplemented calves, improving the Bacteroidota: Firmicutes and the Proteobacteria ratios. Functional prediction by PICRUSt also showed an increment in several pathways when the two-strain probiotic was supplemented. Therefore, using the three-administration scheme, the two-strain probiotic improved the growth rate and gut microbiota profile in newborn dairy calves. However, positive effects could be reached by applying more administrations of the probiotic during the first 20 days of a calf’s life.
Description: Artículo
ISSN: 2076-2615
Appears in Collections:3309 Artículos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Growth Performance and Fecal Microbiota of Dairy Calves.pdfDocumento1.85 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Enlace a_Growth Performance and Fecal Microbiota of Dairy Calves .htmEnlace a publicación42.87 kBHTMLView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.